We’re pleased to share this brand new research by John Kelly, Luke Tysall, and Simon Dewar.

The article was recently published in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, and the abstract can be seen below, or click here for the link to the full article.


There is in vitro and clinical evidence to suggest daptomycin has good activity against Enterococcus. In 2019, CLSI produced clinical breakpoints for Enterococcus spp.


To describe the distribution of MICs of daptomycin for enterococcal bloodstream infection (EBSI) isolates in a large Scottish health board, the indications for local daptomycin susceptibility testing and daptomycin doses used in vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm) infection.


We investigated all EBSIs over a 21 month period and identified isolates tested against daptomycin. We recorded the distribution of MICs, as well as indications for daptomycin susceptibility testing and information on daptomycin dosing, where it was used.


There were 293 blood culture isolates of Enterococcus spp., of which 37 had daptomycin susceptibility testing performed, from 31 individual patients. Of the 293 isolates, 103 were E. faecium, of which 63 were VREfm. Daptomycin testing was indicated by vancomycin resistance in 24/37 isolates. All E. faecium isolates tested were in the CLSI ‘susceptible dose-dependent (SDD)’ range of MICs. All other Enterococcus spp. tested were in the ‘susceptible’ range. Twelve patients received daptomycin, and dosing information was recovered for 10. Nine of these patients received 8–12 mg/kg/day dosing. There were no recorded adverse drug reactions. Ten of 12 patients were alive at the time of data collection.


Daptomycin MIC distribution for EBSI isolates suggests a high local rate of susceptibility, according to CLSI breakpoints, in a population with high rates of VREfm. CLSI-recommended doses of daptomycin were used, with encouraging survival outcomes.